Assamese Dance Extravaganza: Embracing the Diversity of Folk Traditions


Assam, the land of rolling hills and lush greenery, is home to a vibrant cultural heritage that has mesmerized people for centuries. One of the most captivating aspects of this culture is its diverse folk traditions, particularly in dance. Assamese dance forms are known for their exuberance, energy, and graceful movements that bring alive the rich history and mythology of the region. In this blog post, we will explore the different types of Assamese dances and delve into their history and significance. So get ready to embrace the diversity and vibrancy of Assam’s dance extravaganza!

What is Assamese Dance?

Assamese dance is a traditional form of performing art that originated in the state of Assam, India. It is a vibrant and colorful dance style that embodies the culture and traditions of this beautiful region.

One defining feature of Assamese dance is its use of graceful movements and expressions to narrate stories from mythology or folklore. The dances are often accompanied by live music played on instruments like dhol, taal, pepa (an Assamese flute), and khols.

The costumes worn during performances are also unique to the region with women wearing mekhela chadors – two-piece garments draped around the body – while men wear dhoti kurta paired with gamosa (traditional towel).

There are several different types of Assamese dances ranging from Bihu, Sattriya, Bagurumba to Huchori. Each has its own distinct flavor and cultural significance.

Assamese dance celebrates diversity through its display of various folk traditions within one vibrant performance art form.

The Different Types of Assamese Dance

Assam is a land of diverse cultures and traditions, and the same goes for its dance forms. Assamese dance is known for its vibrancy, gracefulness, and unique style that sets it apart from other Indian classical dances.

The most famous types of Assamese dance are Bihu Dance, Bagurumba Dance, Jhumur Dance and Barpeta’s Satra Nritya. Bihu Dance is performed during the Bihu festival celebrated by Assamese people three times a year; Rongali Bihu in spring season Bohag (April), Kongali Bihu also called Kati-Bihuin autumn(November), Bhogali or Magh-Bihuduring winter(January).

Bagurumba dance form originates from the tribes of Assam which depict their daily activities as well as showcase their traditional attires like dokhnas along with mesmerizing footwork. On the other hand,Jhumur is another traditional folk dance which originated in eastern India,Bengal but greatly influenced by tea garden workers who migrated to this region.

Barpeta’s Satra Nritya has been developed by Vaishnavite saints over time where devotees perform devotional songs accompanied by percussion instruments to show devotion towards Lord Krishna. These different types of Assamese dances bring out an indescribable beauty that must be witnessed firsthand! Know more about Dance of Assam here.

The History of Assamese Dance

Assamese dance has a rich and diverse history that dates back centuries. The origins of Assamese dance are believed to be rooted in the ancient traditions of the region’s tribal communities, who used dance as a means of religious expression.

Over time, different cultural influences began to shape Assamese dance. Hinduism played a significant role in shaping the development of modern-day Assamese dance, with many of its forms drawing inspiration from the stories and deities found within Hindu mythology.

During the medieval period, various other cultural influences also impacted Assamese dance. For example, invasions by Muslim rulers led to an increased emphasis on storytelling through music and movement.

In more recent times, colonization by European powers also influenced Assamese dance. Many Western-style dances were introduced during this period and eventually integrated into existing traditional forms.

Today, modern technology has also brought about changes in how Assamese dances are performed and shared with audiences around the world. Despite these changes over time, however, one thing remains constant: assamese dancers continue to embrace their rich cultural heritage through vibrant performances that showcase both tradition and innovation.

The Importance of Assamese Dance

Assamese dance is not just a form of entertainment, but it holds great cultural importance for the people of Assam. It is an art that has been passed down from generation to generation and serves as a medium to express their history, traditions, and beliefs.

One of the primary reasons why Assamese dance is so important is that it showcases the diversity of folk traditions in India. Each style has its unique characteristics and tells its own story through movement and music. By preserving these traditional dances, we are ensuring that our rich cultural heritage lives on for generations to come.

Another reason why Assamese dance is significant is because it promotes unity among different communities. People from all walks of life come together to appreciate the beauty of this art form regardless of their caste or religion. This sense of inclusivity helps build strong bonds between people who may have otherwise never interacted with each other.

Furthermore, by learning and performing Assamese dance, individuals can develop a greater appreciation for their roots and identity. It allows them to connect with their culture in a meaningful way while also gaining confidence in themselves as performers.

Promoting the practice and preservation of Assamese dance can also boost tourism in the region. Tourists are often attracted to places where they can experience authentic local cultures firsthand – showcasing traditional dances like Bihu or Bagurumba could be a fascinating drawcard!

There’s no doubt about how crucial maintaining this beautiful part plays into appreciating both Indian culture at large (as well as specifically within Northeastern regions).

How to Perform Assamese Dance

Assamese dance is a beautiful and intricate art form that requires grace, rhythm, and precision. Here are some tips on how to perform Assamese dance:

Firstly, it’s essential to understand the different types of Assamese dance forms before starting. Each form has its unique style and steps. Some popular ones include Bihu, Bagurumba, Jhumur Nach, Sattriya Nritya.

Secondly, posture plays a vital role while performing this dance form as most of them involve circular movements or jumping sequences. Therefore keeping your back straight is crucial during the performance.

Thirdly, proper footwork is necessary for every step in Assamese Dance. Most of the steps require quick footwork with precise movements.

Fourthly hand gestures also play an important role in Assamese Dance performance. Hand moments should be graceful yet firm to match perfectly with the music beats.

Lastly but not least facial expression and body language are also significant aspects while performing any folk dances like Bihu or Bagurumba which portrays expressions through facial expressions along with body movement creating a beautiful visual treat for viewers.

By following these simple guidelines on how to perform Assamse Dances one can cherish this tradition by embracing their rich heritage culture through their performances!


Assamese dance is a beautiful and vibrant expression of the cultural traditions of Assam. It offers a unique insight into the diverse folk heritage of this region, showcasing the rich variety of music, costumes, and movements that make up its performing arts.

Through their dances, the people of Assam have celebrated life’s moments for centuries, from harvest festivals to weddings and other important events in their lives. The art form continues to evolve and thrive today as new generations embrace it while preserving its essence.

Performing an Assamese dance requires dedication, practice, and respect for tradition. But for those who take on this challenge, it can be a rewarding experience that connects them with their roots while showcasing their talent to others.

If you have not experienced an Assamese dance extravaganza yet or want to learn more about this fascinating culture’s traditions through its art forms – go ahead! Immerse yourself in the beauty and diversity that these dances represent. You will undoubtedly come away with newfound appreciation for this incredible facet of Indian heritage.

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